Our Partner-Friends in the United States of America and Europe
The United States held the two-year rotating Chairmanship of the Arctic Council from April 24, 2015 to May 11, 2017. The Arctic Council chairmanship offered the United States an opportunity to make significant progress on our Arctic policy objectives.
During the U.S. chairmanship, the State Department coordinated a number of projects and initiatives through the Arctic Council’s subsidiary bodies under three thematic areas: improving economic and living conditions; Arctic Ocean safety, security and stewardship; and addressing the impacts of climate change. The overarching theme, “One Arctic: Shared Opportunities, Challenges and Responsibilities,” recognized and celebrated the region’s long term peace and stability.
With its central concept of Thriving together, the Transatlantic Economy– the United States Chamber of Commerce in Sweden, since 1992, has promoted U.S.-Swedish trade and investment and U.S. commercial interests in Sweden.
- Works to build a stronger Transatlantic business community, fostering innovation the creation of shared value.
- Promotes Swedish-American trade and investment, delivering critical business information to the member companies.
- It builds platforms for networking knowledge sharing and advocacy for Swedish-American businesses to discuss issues including trade investment, sustainability and more.
- AMCHAM is the voice of American business in Sweden, facilitating experiences and opportunities that foster new ideas and vital connections.
Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Foreign Affairs Didier Reynders launched in New York, in the presence of Her Majesty the Queen and of the Permanent Representatives to the UN, the Belgian campaign for a seat at the United Nations Security Council for the 2019 and 2020 period. The Foreign Ministry announced Belgium’s vision as: “Fostering Consensus, Acting for Peace”
As an original founders of the United Nations, in 1945, Belgium signed the UN Charter along with 50 other countries. And since then it has been actively engaged in contributing to Peace and Security in Europe and in the World. Its role has been, not limited, but also covers the critical areas of Conflict Management, Mediation and Peacebuilding within the UN.
Only in 2015 Belgium has contributed $ 85 million to UN Peacekeeping operations. And it had participated in 71 UN Peacekeeping missions deployed since 1948.
On 1 January 2016 Germany assumed the Chairmanship of the Organization for Security and Co operation in Europe (OSCE) and is now responsible for steering the Organization safely through the stormy tides of crises and challenges in 2016. This is the second time that Germany has headed the world’s largest Regional Security Organisation, the previous time was in 1991.
Germany’s Chairmanship focuses on the following areas:
- Continuing conflict-crisis management in and around Ukraine and in the other unresolved conflicts in the OSCE area;
- Strengthening the OSCE’s capabilities in the entire conflict cycle, i.e. early warning, conflict prevention, crisis management and post‑conflict Peacebuilding;
- Strengthening the OSCE as a platform for dialogue, for instance on questions of pan‑European security, confidence‑ and security-building measures and Defence against common threats;
- Sustainable promotion of connectivity and good Governance in the OSCE area;
- Particular focus on the Human dimension to safeguard joint commitments regarding Human Rights and the fundamental Freedom.
The Permanent Diplomatic Mission of the Federal Republic of Germany to the OSCE is in Vienna. And Federal Foreign Minister Dr.Frank-Walter Steinmeier leads the OSCE as The Chairperson-in-Office.
In 2016 the Netherlands holds the EU Presidency for the twelfth time. The last time was in 2004. Holding the Presidency involves mediating and brokering compromises between the 28 EU member states and between EU institutions like the Council, European Commission and European Parliament. The Netherlands’ central aim is that European Union place its focus more on what matters to Europe’s citizens, Economy and businesses. Thus its Priorities highlights Prosperity, Freedom and Security in Europe.
Among many areas that the Dutch Government plans to improve during its EU Presidency are: To promote European Culture , Tackling Migration Crisis, in the highly competitive Global market helping to Promote the European Aviation , to Enhance European Cyber Defence and to expand a better European Defence Cooperation.
The European Paratroopers Association is an independent organization of Active, Reserve and Retired Military and Police Parachutists founded by a group of European Paratroopers originally in 2001 as the European Military Parachute Association. The EPD is a center that provides training in Parachuting and Combat Tactics/Techniques.
Mission: The primary mission of the European Paratroopers Association is to train its members to improve their Military and Police skills and knowledge. Every year the EPD offers comprehensive and advanced Airborne, Combat, Medical and Waterborne training, organize frequent Military training courses and promote international social events, medical and waterborne training. The EPD has a close cooperation with Elite Military and Police Units in Europe, USA, Russia and Ukraine in order to perform joint Military and Police training and take part in different International Military Exercise. And it supports worldwide Military and Police Units, Government Reserve Organizations and National Paratroopers Associations interested in and performing Military Tactical training and Military Parachute Jumps.
The NAVEUR – NAVAF Command have the responsibilities of approximately half of the Atlantic Ocean, from the North Pole to Antarctica; as well as the Adriatic, Baltic, Barents, Black, Caspian, Mediterranean and North Seas. And it covers all of Russia, Europe and nearly the entire continent of Africa encompassing 105 countries with a combined population over one billion and includes a landmass extending more than 14 million square miles.
The official formation of German-Armed-Forces is dated back on November 12, 1955. The first 101 volunteers in German Military received their appointments on the occasion of the birthday anniversary of the Revolutionary, Reformist the Military Commander General Gerhard von Scharnhorst. A few months later in April 1956 its official name die Bundeswehr came into existence representing the German Federal Armed-Forces. Since then the Bundeswehr has been a vital part of NATO, UN, and in the most EU Military external missions.
The U.S. Army Europe ‘USAREUR’ is the U.S Army’s Leadership in Europe with the central aim of strengthening U.S-European Military partnerships, and to bolster the European Security and Defense via the continuous Training, Exercises, joint Maneuvers and combining efforts..
USAREUR’s enduring purpose is to be responsive and engaged; providing the full range of land power capabilities to EUCOM and other combatant commands to prevent, shape, and win and is:
- Responsive to U.S. European Command and other Combatant Commands
- Engaged with regional partners
- Trained and ready to support combatant commands with land power to prevent conflict, shape the environment and win decisively any conflict.
- Provides a visible symbol of U.S. commitment to the region and our European allies.
- Ensures US strategic access to Europe and beyond through a frequency and intensity of interaction with allies and partners that greatly exceed that achievable by CONUS-based forces.
- Enables the development of stronger relationships that set the conditions for multinational interoperability.
With the HQ in Wiesbaden, Germany, and seven major garrisons in three countries , U.S. Army Europe is uniquely positioned in its 51 country Area of Responsibility in Europe and Eurasia. The relationships the Army builds during more than 1000 theater security cooperation events in more than 40 countries each year lead directly to support for multinational contingency operations with Europe and around the world, to strengthen Regional Partnerships, and enhance Global Security. Lt. Gen. Ben Hodges from Army is the Commanding General and Brig. Gen. Markus Laubenthal from the Bundeswehr is Chief of Staff of the U.S Army Europe
Under the authority of the United Nations (UN Security Council Resolution 1244) NATO has been leading a Peace Support Operation in Kosovo since June 1999 in support of wider International efforts to build Peace and Stability in the area.
Contribute to a safe and secure environment
Support and coordinate the international humanitarian effort and civil presence
Support the development of a stable, democratic, multi-ethnic and peaceful Kosovo
Support the development of the Kosovo Security Force
Today, approximately 5,000 Troops from the NATO-led Kosovo Force (KFOR), provided by 31 countries (23 NATO and 8 KFOR partners) continue to contribute towards maintaining a safe and secure environment and freedom of movement for all citizens, irrespective of their ethnic origin.
The HQ of KFOR is located at Camp Film City, Pristina under the authority of rotating Commander of KFOR (COMKFOR)
The U.S. Air Forces in Europe and Africa ‘USAFE-AFAFRICA’ , with headquarters at Ramstein Air Base, Germany, is a major Command of the U.S. Air Force. It is the Air component for two Department of Defense unified Commands – U.S. European Command and U.S. Africa Command. During most of the Cold War, USAFE-AFAFRICA was a fight-in-place Force postured for a large-scale conflict. Since the fall of the Soviet Union, it has transitioned to an Air Expeditionary Force with a Mobile and Deployable mix of people and resources that can simultaneously Operate in Multiple Locations.
The Operational Missions
- To executes the Air Force, USEUCOM and USAFRICOM missions with forward-based Airpower and infrastructure and to conduct and enable theater and Global Operations.
- To direct Air Operations in a theater spanning three Continents, covering more than 15 million square miles, containing 104 independent states, and possessing more than one-fifth of the World’s population and more than a quarter of the world’s gross domestic product
- Its role includes War-fighting
- The Humanitarian Relief, Peacekeeping Operations
- And other non-Traditional Contingencies throughout its area of responsibility.
In peacetime, U.S Air Forces Europe-Africa, Trains and equips Air-Force Units pledged to the North Atlantic Treaty Organization ‘NATO’ and to the Peace and Stability of African States. In fulfilling its NATO responsibilities, USAFE-AFAFRICA maintains Combat-ready Wings Based from the United Kingdom to Turkey. The U.S. Air Forces in Europe -and the U.S Air Forces in Africa: Plans, Conducts, Controls, Coordinates and Supports Air and Space Operations in Europe and Africa to achieve U.S. National and NATO objectives based on tasking by the USEUCOM and USAFRICOM Commanders. The USAFE-AFAFRICA has seven main Operating Bases along with 114 geographically separated Locations, working closely with the Allied to foster Strong Europe, and maintain Security and Peace in the World.
was launched in December 2008, within the framework of the European Common Security and Defence Policy (CSDP) and in accordance with the UN Security Council Resolutions and the International Law. With the Comprehensive Approach, the Operational area covers the Southern Red Sea, the Gulf of Aden and a large part of the Indian Ocean, including the Seychelles, Mauritius, Comoros, the Somalia’s coastal and internal waters.
The Operational Mandate:
- To Protect World Food Programme (WFP) Vessels delivering aid to displaced persons in Somalia, and African Union Mission on Somalia (AMISOM) shipping.
- To Deter, prevent and disrupt piracy and armed robbery at Sea
- To Protect vulnerable shipping off the Somali Coast on a case by case basis
- To Supports other EU Missions and International Organisations working to strengthen Maritime Security and capacity in the Region
- In addition, the EU NAVFOR also contributes to the monitoring of fishing activities off the coast of Somalia
is one of the largest Law-Enforcement Mission under the Common Security and Defence Policy (CSDP), launched by EU Member States in February 2008, and reached full Operational capacity in April 2009. The central aim of the mission is to assist and support the Kosovo Authorities in the Rule of Law, specifically in the Police, Judiciary and Customs areas.
EULEX implements its Mandate through Four Operational Objectives:
- Monitoring, Mentoring and Advising
- Executive Objective
- North Objective
- Support to Dialogue Implementation Objective
It also fosters contacts with Law-Enforcement and Police, Judicial Authorities in the Region and with INTERPOL and EUROPOL, to ensure their support to all investigations and liaises with relevant Serbian Authorities. The mission consists mainly of: Judges, Prosecutors, Law-Enforcement, Police Officers, and Customs Officials.
With the Headquarters in Pristina and Kosovo, EULEX has a unified Chain of Command to the EU High Representative for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy and to EU Member States (Political and Security Committee). The Contributing Nations are from most of EU member States as well as Canada, Norway, Switzerland, Turkey, and the United States.
The European Union Border Assistance Mission to Moldova and Ukraine EUBAM was launched in 2005. With four-times extension, the Mission has its Mandate until 30 November 2017. EUBAM Operates to promote border control, customs and trade norms and practices that meet EU standards and serve the needs of its two partner countries. The Mission is headquartered in Odesa (Ukraine). It has an EUBAM Office in Moldova and five field offices – two on the Moldovan side of the joint border and three on the Ukrainian side.
The Mission’s Objectives:
• To work with Moldova and Ukraine to harmonise border control, and customs and trade standards and procedures with those in EU Member States
• To improve cross-border cooperation between the border guard and customs agencies and other Law-Enforcement bodies; facilitate International cooperation
• To assist Moldova-Ukraine to fulfill the obligations of the Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Area (DCFTA) they have signed as part of their Association Agreements with the EU
• To contribute to the peaceful settlement of the Transnistrian conflict through confidence building measures and a monitoring presence at the Transnistrian segment of the Moldova-Ukraine border
European Union Monitoring Mission in Georgia EUMM is an unarmed Civilian Monitoring Mission of the European Union. The Mission was launched in September 2008 following the EU-mediated Six Point Agreement which ended the August war.
- To ensure that there is no return to hostilities
- To facilitate the resumption of a safe and normal life for the local communities living on both sides of the Administrative Boundary Lines (ABL) with Abkhazia and South Ossetia
- To build confidence among the conflict parties
- To inform EU policy in Georgia and the wider region
Operation ALTHEA is the European Union’s Military Contribution to the Stabilisation and Integration of Bosnia and Herzegovina into the European Family of Nations. The Operation was launched in December 2004. It has contributed to the maintenance of the safe and secure environment in BiH ever since. The launch of Operation ALTHEA followed the decision by NATO to conclude its SFOR-Operation and the adoption by the UN Security Council of resolution 1575 authorizing the deployment of an EU Force (EUFOR) in BiH. The European Union’s Mission Statement.
In the framework of Operation ALTHEA, the EU initially deployed 7000 troops, to ensure continued compliance with the General Framework Agreement for Peace (GFAP) in BiH and to contribute to a safe and secure environment. Operation ALTHEA is carried out with recourse to NATO Assets and Capabilities, under the ‘Berlin Plus Agreement’
- To provide Capacity Building and Training to the Armed Forces of Bosnia and Herzegovina (AFBiH) and supporting them in their progression towards NATO standards
- To provide deterrence and continued compliance with the responsibility to fulfill the role specified in Annexes 1A and 2 of the Dayton/Paris Agreement (General Framework Agreement for Peace in BiH)
- To contribute to a Safe and Secure environment in BiH, in line with its mandate
- And to achieve core Tasks in the OHR’s Mission Implementation Plan, the Stabilization and Association Process (SAP)
The European Union is a unique Economic and Political partnership among 28 Diverse Democracies united in their commitment to Peace, Democracy, the Rule of Law, and Respect for Human Rights. It is Represented in the United States by the Washington DC Delegation of the European Union, a full-fledged Diplomatic Mission working in close coordination with the Embassies and Consulates of the 28 EU Member States.
The Delegation Represents the European Union in relations with the U.S. Government in areas that are part of the EU’s remit. It promotes EU policies in the United States, which includes presenting and explaining EU actions to the U.S. Administration and Congress, while engaging with Political Actors, the Media, Academia, Business, and Civil Society. It also raises awareness of EU issues and concerns, and promotes the importance of the EU-U.S. Relationship. The EU Delegation, simultaneous, analyzes and reports on the Political, Social, and Economic situation in the U.S. to its Headquarters in Brussels.
Netherlands Bureau for Economic Policy Analysis, originally from Dutch ‘Central Planning Bureau’ CPB, was founded in 1945. The Bureau is a part of the Ministry of Economic Affairs. And its director is appointed by the Minister, in consultation with other members of the Government. However, in its work and content, CPB is fully independent with its own Legal Mandate and Executive Advisory Committee. Its Central Planning Committee (CPC) is currently chaired by Hans Smits.
Research Projects at CPB are carried out on CPB’s own initiative, or at the request of:
- The Government
- The Parliament
- Individual Members of Parliament
- The National Trade Unions
The Founding Director of ‘Netherlands Bureau for Economic Policy Analysis’ CPB was Jan Tinbergen (1945-1955) the Pioneer of Econometrics and Laureate of the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences in 1969.
Theresan Military Academy of Austria founded by Empress Maria Theresa in 1751, is a highly Prestigious, the oldest Military Institution only second to Italian Military Academy of Modena, in the World.
The Academy since, 2005, has been exchanging lecturers and students with other countries. The main purpose is to increase Interoperability and Intercultural Competence so as to manage future challenges. The “European Initiative for the exchange of young Officers inspired by ERASMUS” is a EU-programme that emphasizes the importance of the International exchange programmes. Within that The Theresan Military Academy offers various moduls and has taken over the lead for the Peace Support Operations Module within the EU.
The Center for Security Studies (CSS) at ETH Zurich is a center of competence for Swiss and International Security Policy. It offers security policy expertise in research, teaching, and consultancy and operates the International Relations and Security Network (ISN). The CSS promotes understanding of Security Policy challenges as a contribution to a more Peaceful World. Its work is independent, practice-relevant, and based on a sound academic footing.
The CSS combines research and policy consultancy and, as such, functions as a bridge between Academia and Practice. It trains highly qualified junior researchers and serves as a point of contact and information for the interested public. The CSS also operates the International Relations and Security Network (ISN) as a leading global open-source information platform in the field of International Relations and Security Policy.
The International Relations and Security Network (ISN) is one of the World’s leading Organisations founded by the Center for Security Studies at the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology.
Since its inception in 1994, the International Relation Security Network in Zurich has been engaged on: facilitating Security-related dialogue and cooperation within a trusted network of International organizations, Professionals and Experts, and has been providing open-source on International Relations and Security-Related subjects.
The Organization’s Achievements:
- Facilitating policy debates and Security-related dialogue;
- Raising the expertise of the institutions and individuals who benefit from the above efforts through active knowledge sharing and collaboration;
- Being a driving International Relations and Security-Centered Force in web-based content/data distribution and management. The ISN Regional Research and Subjects
is an International non-governmental organization based in the United States. POTI provides courses on Peace Support, Humanitarian Relief, and Security Operations in English with varied availability in French, Spanish, Portuguese and Arabic. The Institute is sponsored by several European Ministry of Foreign Affairs, among other funders. And its Board of Directors is chaired by Major General Tim Ford (Retd) of Australia.
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